Tooth Pain Causes and Treatments

A toothache is pain that develops inside or around the tooth and gum areas. A bacterial infection, a cracked or broken tooth, or by chewing on something hard can all lead to tooth pain. Temperature sensitivity may also cause a tooth to ache as will general tooth or gum decay (dental decay). Some toothaches may be more serious than others and dentist may need to treat it in order to alleviate pain and eliminate the source. On the other hand, you can treat mild gum irritation and minor dental pain with home remedies.

Tooth Pain Causes and Treatments

Why is Toothache so Painful

Soft material filled with nerves, blood vessels, and tissues forms the tooth pulp in your mouth. These pulp nerves are extremely sensitive. When infected by bacteria, abscesses may form causing sharp pain. Exposed nerves will be susceptible to cold weather and cause an ache. Furthermore, teeth do expand and contract. In hot weather, teeth may be competing for space and this too can cause discomfort.

Toothache Causes

Although there are a number of causes of toothaches, the more common toothache causes are listed below:

  • Gum disease/infection (inflammation, swelling)
  • Cavities, cracked or broken teeth, worn fillings, receding gums
  • Tooth decay – enamel disintegration can cause cavities to form
  • Inflamed tooth pulp
  • Irritation of nerve tissue in the center of the tooth
  • Grinding and clenching
  • Impacted teeth
  • Ill-formed wisdom teeth
  • Abscesses and bacterial build-up inside the pulp chamber

Toothache Symptoms

Apart from an obvious toothache, problems or pending dental problems can manifest through several symptoms. There could be a sharp or throbbing pain both of which are constant. Swollen, sore, or painful gums are another indicator of some type of dental problem. There could also be a bad taste in the mouth or an odor emanating from an infected area. Although this may sound surprising, dental problems can also cause headaches and fever. There could also be trouble with breathing and swallowing. In such cases, professional help should be sought immediately.

Home Treatments

Home remedies may suffice if the pain is around the tooth, and not inside the tooth. Tooth and gum irritations can also heal with home remedies.

  • Avoid temperature-sensitive foods and sweets.
  • A warm salt water rinse, and or rinsing with hydrogen peroxide diluted in water, acts as a disinfectant and helps with inflammation and pain.
  • An ice pack works for swelling and pain.
  • Pain medications and homeopathic treatments can be considered taken.
  • Garlic can kill bacteria and relieves pain.
  • Vanilla extract numbs pain, and its antioxidants promote healing.
  • Clove oil acts as an antiseptic that numbs pain and diminishes inflammation.
  • A warm peppermint tea bag can be held against the tooth and gum area for soothing the pain.

Professional Treatment

Treatment for a toothache might include fillings and bonding as well as root canal, crowns, or general deep cleaning. Schedule an appointment with your dentist if a toothache lasts for more than a couple of days if it is severe, or if you are experiencing an earache, fever, pain or swelling. Some dental infections can spread to parts of your face and body, bloodstream and skull. It is best to act immediately, especially to avoid extractions.

Additional Reading: What Can I Do To Make A Toothache Go Away?

Regency Family Dentistry Omaha | Best Omaha Dentist near Westroads Mall in Regency

Whether your teeth needs are a:

  • complete exam and cleaning,
  • full-mouth restoration
  • or anything in between

We promise to provide exceptional dental care as we enhance the natural beauty of your smile.  Below are just some of the many procedures and dental services we regularly provide to our patients – with a gentle touch, and stunning results.  Your smile is our first priority, and we’ll give you something to smile about.

Preventative Dentistry

  • Dental Exams
  • Dental Cleanings
  • Oral Cancer Exam
  • Fluoride Treatment
  • Sealants
  • Dental X-Rays
  • Home Care
  • Nightguards & Mouthguards

Cosmetic Dentistry

  • Dental Implants
  • Composite Fillings
  • Porcelain Crowns
  • FixedPorcelain Bridges
  • Porcelain Veneers
  • Tooth Whitening

Periodontal Disease

  • What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • Maintenance

Restorative Dentistry

  • Dental Implants
  • Inlay Restorations
  • Onlay Restorations
  • Composite Fillings
  • Crowns
  • Dentures & Partial Dentures
  • Fixed Bridges
  • Root Canal Therapy

Oral Surgery

  • Wisdom Teeth Extractions

Have Any Questions?

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Dear Valued Patient

Happy 2024! All of us at Regency Dental hope your year is off to a great start. As many of you have already witnessed, there are changes occurring within our practice for the past several months. Dr. Spanel is in a time of transition within the practice, and he has found a colleague who shares his core values, philosophy, and sense of personalized quality care. He was fortunate to find Dr. Dan Ellingson who is a wonderful, gentle dentist. Dr. Ellingson is a local graduate of Gross High School, UNO, and UNMC College of Dentistry. He has a strong commitment to our local community. Having this opportunity to own a private practice, Dr. Ellingson is eager to meet each of you. He and all staff members will continue working diligently to provide you with the same caring, calm and meticulous dental care you would expect to receive from Dr. Spanel.

As we continue to move forward in 2024 with this transition, we thank you for your trust, partnership, and patience as we welcome Dr. Ellingson to the practice. We have additional team members, and have updated our software programs to comply with HIPAA regulations of paperless charting. We are also updating our equipment to provide state-of-the-art care.

We all know that changes bring challenges. Please know that Dr. Spanel, Dr. Ellingson and the team at Regency Dental intend to provide you, our loyal patients, the very best dental care in a warm and compassionate atmosphere. If you haven’t scheduled your 2024 dental check-ups, please call us!

We look forward to seeing you again soon!


The Doctors and Staff at Regency Dental.